Speckled (Rock) Pigeon | Columba guinea

Robert's Birding Information: Speckled (Rock  Pigeon)

The Speckled Pigeon is a Southern African bird that belongs to the columbidae bird family group which includes birds such as Pigeons, Doves.

The description for the Speckled Pigeon (Latin name Columba guinea) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Columba guinea can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 349 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 277. You will find a picture of the Speckled Pigeon on page 273.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.

This bird is known as Rock Pigeon in the Roberts 6th Edition. There have been no changes in the Latin name for the Speckled Pigeon between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition.

The Speckled Pigeon is known in Afrikaans as Kransduif.

The Speckled Pigeon has a height of 33 cms and weighs around 350 gms. The head is coloured grey while the bill is coloured black. The Columba guinea has a grey, brown coloured throat, purple legs and a maroon coloured back. The eyes are yellow.

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is grey.

Eyes are yellow.

Bill is black.

Legs are purple.

Throat is grey, brown.

Back is maroon.

Speckled (Rock) Pigeon Feeding Habits ...

This bird forages for food on the ground.

The Columba guinea forages mainly on the ground or at the base of trees, and low down in the shrubs eating mostly fruits and seeds.

Speckled (Rock) Pigeon Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The Speckled Pigeon is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 1 to 3 eggs and they are coloured white.

The nest is built high up in the tree canopy and is protected from predators by branches and the dense green foliage.

The bird is an urban dweller as well, being at home in parks, gardens and in old vacated buildings.

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

The Speckled Pigeon is mainly seen singly or in pairs in the wild.

This bird is usually seen in small family groups or in large flocks.