Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) | Columba livia

Robert's Birding Information: Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)

The Rock Dove is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Columbidae bird family group which includes birds such as Pigeons, Doves.Feral Pigeon (Rock Dove)

The description for the Rock Dove (Latin name Columba livia) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Columba livia can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 348 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 276. You will find a picture of the Rock Dove on page 273.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)

This bird is known as Feral Pigeon in the Roberts 6th Edition. There have been no changes in the Latin name for the Rock Dove between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition.

The Rock Dove has a height of 33 cms and weighs around 400 gms. The head is coloured purple while the bill is coloured brown. The Columba livia has a white coloured throat, magenta legs and a blue, grey coloured back. The eyes are orange.

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is purple.

Eyes are orange.

Bill is brown.

Legs are magenta.

Throat is white.

Back is blue, grey.

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Feeding Habits ...

This bird forages for food on the ground.

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten.

The Columba livia forages mainly on the ground or at the base of trees, and low down in the shrubs eating mostly fruits and seeds.

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The Rock Dove is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 1 to 2 eggs and they are coloured white.

The nest is built high up in the tree canopy and is protected from predators by branches and the dense green foliage.

The bird is an urban dweller as well, being at home in parks, gardens and in old vacated buildings.

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

It is also seen in flocks.