Common Ostrich (Struthio camelus) Photo's & Information

Robert's Birding Information: The Common Ostrich

The Common Ostrich - Struthio camelus is by far the largest bird that occurs in South Africa! The Common Ostrich is a flightless ground bird and can attain a height of 2 meters. In Robert's 7th edition the Common Ostrich has a birding number of 1. The male Ostrich is black with a grey neck and mainly white wings whereas the female is predominantly grey and brown... The juvenile Ostrich resembles a small female and looks similar to a Korhaan.Common Ostrich

The biggest Ostrich weighed in at over 135 kilograms and was over 2.6 meters tall! The Common Ostrich is officially the tallest bird in the world... They are very fast runners.

The Common Ostrich's call can only be heard at night as they are nocturnal callers its a booming lion-like roar. The males are much bigger than the females.Common Ostrich Male

Common Ostrich Habitat

In South Africa Ostriches are farmed heavily and are a very popular bird specie to farm. Their natural habitat includes drier areas, grassland, open woodland and desert. The Common Ostrich only occurs naturally, they can survive dehydration of up to 25-30%. The only truly wild Common Ostriches in South Africa occur in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and The Kruger National Park, all other ostriches in South Africa originate from domestic populations or from relocations from the Kruger and Kgalagadi. There are around 500 Common Ostriches in the Kruger Park at the time of writing this (2011) and close to 2000 in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Ostriches were almost hunted to extinction in the 18th and 19th centuries for their feathers. Other wild Ostriches occur in Namibia...

What Does The Common Ostrich Eat?

The Common Ostrich mainly feeds on vegetation such as plats, grasses, grains, seeds, roots but they also eat insects and lizards and have even been recorded eating snakes and small mammals.Kruger Park Female Ostrich

Common Ostrich Breeding and nesting habits for this bird ...

The Common Ostrich takes on more than a single mate (it is bigamous). They can lay up to 60 eggs but more commonly are a few between 10 and 20. Many eggs are lost to predators such as Jackals, Lions and Birds of prey.

The nesting habit of Common Ostrich is extra limital. They nest on the ground and the male protects the nest and hatches the eggs!Female Ostrich

Other Common Names In Different Languages For The Ostrich:

Xhosa ... Inciniba

Zulu ... iNtshe

Afrikaans ...Volstruis

German ... Strau

Portuguese ... Avestruz

French ... Autruche d'Afrique

Dutch ... Struisvogel