Lilac-breasted Roller | Coracias caudatus

Robert's Birding Information: Lilacbreasted Roller Bird

The Lilac-breasted Roller is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Coraciidae bird family group which includes birds such as Typical Rollers.Lilac Breasted Roller Bird

The description for the Lilac-breasted Roller (Latin name Coracias caudatus) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Coracias caudatus can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 447 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 169. You will find a picture of the Lilac-breasted Roller on page 192.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.Lilacbreasted Rollerbird

There have been no changes in the common name between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition. The Latin name for this bird is Coracias caudata in the Roberts 6th Edition.

The Lilac-breasted Roller is known in Afrikaans as Gewone Troupant.

The Lilac-breasted Roller has a height of 28 cms and weighs around 105 gms. The head is coloured green while the bill is coloured black. The Coracias caudatus has a lilac coloured throat, green legs and a blue coloured back. The eyes are brown.Lilac Breasted Roller

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is green.

Eyes are brown.

Bill is black.

Legs are green.

Throat is lilac.

Back is blue.

Lilac Breasted Rollerbird Feeding Habits ...

This bird forages for food on the ground.

The Coracias caudatus attacks its prey aerially and feeds on wing or takes the prey to a secluded venue where it is killed, torn into small pieces and eaten.

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten.

Lilac Breasted Roller Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The Lilac-breasted Roller is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 2 to 4 eggs and they are coloured white.

The bird builds its nest within a tree cavity just a few meters above the ground. The hole in the tree is normally reused in the next nesting season.

The Lilac-breasted Roller is mainly found in light and densely wooded forests, where there are Mopane trees.

The bird is found in the arid and semi-arid regions of Southern Africa and it can withstand high day and night temperatures.

The bird is mainly found in the Savanna grasslands where it breeds and feeds.

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

The Lilac-breasted Roller is mainly seen singly or in pairs in the wild.