European Roller | Coracias garrulus

Robert's Birding Information: European Roller Bird

The European Roller is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Coraciidae bird family group which includes birds such as Typical Rollers.European Roller Bird

The description for the European Roller (Latin name Coracias garrulus) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Coracias garrulus can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 446 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 168. You will find a picture of the European Roller on page 192.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.European Rollerbird

There have been no changes in the common name between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition. There have been no changes in the Latin name for the European Roller between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition.

The European Roller is known in Afrikaans as Europese Troupant.

The European Roller has a height of 31 cms and weighs around 130 gms. The head is coloured blue while the bill is coloured black. The Coracias garrulus has a blue-green coloured throat, yellow legs and a brown coloured back. The eyes are brown.European Roller

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is blue.

Eyes are brown.

Bill is black.

Legs are yellow.

Throat is blue-green.

Back is brown.

European Rollerbird Feeding Habits ...

The Coracias garrulus attacks its prey aerially and feeds on wing or takes the prey to a secluded venue where it is killed, torn into small pieces and eaten

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten.

European Roller Bird Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The European Roller is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 2 to 4 eggs and they are coloured white.

The bird builds its nest within a tree cavity just a few meters above the ground. The hole in the tree is normally reused in the next nesting season.

The European Roller is mainly found in light and densely wooded forests, where there are Mopane trees.

The bird is found in the arid and semi-arid regions of Southern Africa and it can withstand high day and night temperatures.

The bird is mainly found in the Savanna grasslands where it breeds and feeds.

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

The European Rollerbird is mainly seen singly or in pairs...