Purple Roller | Coracias naevius

Robert's Birding Information: Purple Roller

The Purple Roller is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Coraciidae bird family group which includes birds such as Typical Rollers.Purple Roller

The description for the Purple Roller (Latin name Coracias naevius) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Coracias naevius can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 449 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 171. You will find a picture of the Purple Roller on page 192.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.Purple Roller

There have been no changes in the common name between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition. The Latin name for this bird is Coracias naevia in the Roberts 6th Edition.

The Purple Roller is known in Afrikaans as Groottroupant.

The Purple Roller has a height of 40 cms and weighs around 165 gms. The head is coloured green while the bill is coloured black. The Coracias naevius has a purple coloured throat, brown legs and a blue coloured back. The eyes are brown.Purple Roller & Paradise Whyadah

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is green.

Eyes are brown.

Bill is black.

Legs are brown.

Throat is purple.

Back is blue.

Purple Roller Feeding Habits ...

This bird forages for food on the ground.

The Coracias naevius attacks its prey aerially and feeds on wing or takes the prey to a secluded venue where it is killed, torn into small pieces and eaten.

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten.

Purple Roller Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The Purple Roller is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 2 to 4 eggs and they are coloured white.

The bird builds its nest within a tree cavity just a few meters above the ground. The hole in the tree is normally reused in the next nesting season.

The Purple Roller is mainly found in light and densely wooded forests, where there are Mopane trees.

The bird is found in the arid and semi-arid regions of Southern Africa and it can withstand high day and night temperatures.

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

The Purple Roller is mainly seen singly or in pairs in the wild.

This bird is usually seen in small family groups or in large flocks.