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Southern Brown-throated Weaver | Ploceus xanthopterus

The Southern Brown-throated Weaver is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Ploceidae bird family group which includes birds such as Weavers, Queleas, Windowbirds.

The description for the Southern Brown-throated Weaver (Latin name Ploceus xanthopterus) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Ploceus xanthopterus can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 818 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 1015. You will find a picture of the Southern Brown-throated Weaver on page 1024.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.

This bird is known as Brown-throated Weaver in the Roberts 6th Edition.

The Southern Brown-throated Weaver is known in Afrikaans as Bruinkeelwewer.

The Southern Brown-throated Weaver has a height of 15 cms and weighs around 24 gms. The head is coloured yellow while the bill is coloured brown. The Ploceus xanthopterus has a pink coloured throat, pink legs and a yellow coloured back. The eyes are red.

The male Ploceus xanthopterus has physical features that are slightly different from the female bird.

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is yellow

Eyes are red

Bill is brown

Legs are pink

Throat is pink

Back is yellow

Feeding Habits ...

This bird forages for food on the ground

The Southern Brown-throated Weaver is usually seen hunting for food within the tree foliage

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten .

The Ploceus xanthopterus forages mainly on the ground or at the base of trees, and low down in the shrubs eating mostly fruits and seeds.

The bird also drinks nectar from flowers high up in the tree canopy.

Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The nest is built high up in the tree canopy and is protected from predators by branches and the dense green foligae.

The bird builds its nest on the ground with figs, straw and leaves. The nest is placed under a bush to protect the young from predators.

The Southern Brown-throated Weaver is mainly found in light and densely wooded forests, where there are Mopane trees.

The bird is mainly found in the Savanna grasslands where it breeds and feeds.

The bird is at home in riverine forests and close to water bodies such as lakes, dams and streams

This bird is very common in most of the Southern African Forests

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

It is also seen in flocks

The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition * edited by PAR Hockey, WRJ Dean and PG Ryan, published by "The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund."

copyright: Tony Roocroft +27-11-454-0105

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