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Red-billed Spurfowl | Pternistis adspersus

The Red-billed Spurfowl is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Phasianidae bird family group which includes birds such as Francolins, Spurfowls, Quails.

The description for the Red-billed Spurfowl (Latin name Pternistis adspersus) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Pternistis adspersus can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 194 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 70. You will find a picture of the Red-billed Spurfowl on page 81.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.

This bird is known as Red-billed Francolin in the Roberts 6th Edition. The Latin name for this bird is Francolinus adspersus in the Roberts 6th Edition.

The Red-billed Spurfowl is known in Afrikaans as Roobekfisant.

The Red-billed Spurfowl is near Endemic to the Southern African Region which means it is mainly found in this region but is not restricted here alone. The Pternistis adspersus can be found in other parts of the world.

The Red-billed Spurfowl has a height of 38 cms and weighs around 465 gms. The head is coloured grey, white while the bill is coloured orange. The Pternistis adspersus has a grey, white coloured throat, red legs and a grey, white coloured back. The eyes are brown.

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is grey, white

Eyes are brown

Bill is orange

Legs are red

Throat is grey, white

Back is grey, white

Feeding Habits ...

This bird forages for food on the ground

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten .

Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The Red-billed Spurfowl is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 4 to 8 eggs and they are coloured brown.

The bird builds its nest on the ground with figs, straw and leaves. The nest is placed under a bush to protect the young from predators.

The bird is mainly found in the Savanna grasslands where it breeds and feeds.

The Red-billed Spurfowl is found in the Southern African wetlands, riverine forests and moist grasslands.

The bird is at home in riverine forests and close to water bodies such as lakes, dams and streams

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition * edited by PAR Hockey, WRJ Dean and PG Ryan, published by "The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund."

copyright: Tony Roocroft +27-11-454-0105

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