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Hartlaub's Spurfowl | Pternistis hartlaubi

The Hartlaub's Spurfowl is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Phasianidae bird family group which includes birds such as Francolins, Spurfowls, Quails.

The description for the Hartlaub's Spurfowl (Latin name Pternistis hartlaubi) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Pternistis hartlaubi can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 197 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 68. You will find a picture of the Hartlaub's Spurfowl on page 81.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.

This bird is known as Hartlaub's Francolin in the Roberts 6th Edition. The Latin name for this bird is Francolinus hartlaubi in the Roberts 6th Edition.

The Hartlaub's Spurfowl is known in Afrikaans as Klipfisant.

The Hartlaub's Spurfowl is near Endemic to the Southern African Region which means it is mainly found in this region but is not restricted here alone. The Pternistis hartlaubi can be found in other parts of the world.

The Hartlaub's Spurfowl has a height of 28 cms and weighs around 270 gms. The head is coloured grey, brown while the bill is coloured yellow. The Pternistis hartlaubi has a white, brown coloured throat, yellow legs and a grey, brown coloured back. The eyes are brown.

The male Pternistis hartlaubi has physical features that are slightly different from the female bird.

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is grey, brown

Eyes are brown

Bill is yellow

Legs are yellow

Throat is white, brown

Back is grey, brown

Feeding Habits ...

This bird forages for food on the ground

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten .

Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The Hartlaub's Spurfowl is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 2 to 4 eggs and they are coloured cream.

The bird builds its nest on the ground with figs, straw and leaves. The nest is placed under a bush to protect the young from predators.

The bird is mainly found in the Savanna grasslands where it breeds and feeds.

The Hartlaub's Spurfowl is found in the Southern African wetlands, riverine forests and moist grasslands.

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

It is also seen in flocks

The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition * edited by PAR Hockey, WRJ Dean and PG Ryan, published by "The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund."

copyright: Tony Roocroft +27-11-454-0105

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