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Gentoo Penguin | Pygoscelis papua

The Gentoo Penguin is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Spheniscidae bird family group which includes birds such as Penguins.

The description for the Gentoo Penguin (Latin name Pygoscelis papua) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Pygoscelis papua can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of and the detailed description of this bird is on page 630. You will find a picture of the Gentoo Penguin on page 544.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.

There have been no changes in the common name between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition. There have been no changes in the Latin name for the Gentoo Penguin between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition

The Gentoo Penguin has a height of 80 cms and weighs around 5500 gms. The head is coloured black while the bill is coloured orange. The Pygoscelis papua has a black coloured throat, orange legs and a black coloured back. The eyes are brown.

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is black

Eyes are brown

Bill is orange

Legs are orange

Throat is black

Back is black

Feeding Habits ...

This birds forages for fish and other aquatic dwellers through surface sizing and diving for food in the water.

This bird has a specially adapted bill which helps it hunt for fish, crabs, shrimp and other aquatic animals in the water.

Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

You can see the Gentoo Penguin bird on coastal regions and on the sea shore where the bird will be foraging with other birds

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

This bird is usually seen in small family groups or in large flocks

The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition * edited by PAR Hockey, WRJ Dean and PG Ryan, published by "The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund."

copyright: Tony Roocroft +27-11-454-0105

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