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Brown-throated Martin | Riparia paludicola

The Brown-throated Martin is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Hirundinidae bird family group which includes birds such as Hirundinidae.

The description for the Brown-throated Martin (Latin name Riparia paludicola) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Riparia paludicola can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 533 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 744. You will find a picture of the Brown-throated Martin on page 801.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.

There have been no changes in the common name between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition. There have been no changes in the Latin name for the Brown-throated Martin between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition

The Brown-throated Martin has a height of 12 cms and weighs around 12 gms. The head is coloured brown while the bill is coloured black. The Riparia paludicola has a brown coloured throat, black legs and a brown coloured back. The eyes are brown.

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is brown

Eyes are brown

Bill is black

Legs are black

Throat is brown

Back is brown

Feeding Habits ...

The Riparia paludicola attacks its prey aerially and feeds on wing or takes the prey to a secluded venue where it is killed, torn into small pieces and eaten

This bird is a noctunal feeder and is able to forage in the dark because of the enhanced night vision. It also forages at this time because that?s when the prey comes out in the open.

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten .

Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The Brown-throated Martin is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 2 to 4 eggs and they are coloured white.

The bird builts its nest in a hole in the ground.

The Brown-throated Martin is mainly found in light and densely wooded forests, where there are Mopane trees.

The Brown-throated Martin is found in the Southern African wetlands, riverine forests and moist grasslands.

The bird is at home in riverine forests and close to water bodies such as lakes, dams and streams

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

This bird is usually seen in small family groups or in large flocks

The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition * edited by PAR Hockey, WRJ Dean and PG Ryan, published by "The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund."

copyright: Tony Roocroft +27-11-454-0105

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