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Crowned Hornbill | Tockus alboterminatus

The Crowned Hornbill is a Southern African bird that belongs to the Bucerotidae bird family group which includes birds such as Typical hornbills.

The description for the Crowned Hornbill (Latin name Tockus alboterminatus) can be found in the 7th Edition of the Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. The Tockus alboterminatus can be quickly identified by its unique Roberts identification number of 460 and the detailed description of this bird is on page 153. You will find a picture of the Crowned Hornbill on page 160.

NOTE: The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition*. This edition contained a number of taxonomic changes as well as changes to English names used traditionally and in earlier editions of most bird books in South Africa. The following paragraph notes such changes if any.

There have been no changes in the common name between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition. There have been no changes in the Latin name for the Crowned Hornbill between the Roberts 6th and Roberts 7th Edition

The Crowned Hornbill is known in Afrikaans as Gekroonde Neushoringvo?l.

The Crowned Hornbill has a height of 54 cms and weighs around 205 gms. The head is coloured brown while the bill is coloured red. The Tockus alboterminatus has a black coloured throat, black legs and a brown coloured back. The eyes are yellow.

Take note of the bird's main distinguishing features such as colour, size and leg length relative to the body size of the bird. Colours of a bird's body parts can be helpful. Be aware what may appear brown to one person is described in Roberts Birds using some other word ... for example brown, black. See colours used in Roberts.

Head is brown

Eyes are yellow

Bill is red

Legs are black

Throat is black

Back is brown

Feeding Habits ...

The Crowned Hornbill is usually seen hunting for food within the tree foliage

The Tockus alboterminatus attacks its prey aerially and feeds on wing or takes the prey to a secluded venue where it is killed, torn into small pieces and eaten

This bird eats insects such as butterflies, bees, wasps, locusts and ants. These invertebrates are usually hawked aerially, killed and then eaten .

The Tockus alboterminatus forages mainly on the ground or at the base of trees, and low down in the shrubs eating mostly fruits and seeds.

Breeding, Habitat and Nesting Habits ...

The Crowned Hornbill is a monogamous bird which means that the bird finds and breeds with one partner for the rest of its life. The bird lays between 2 to 5 eggs and they are coloured white.

The bird builds its nest within a tree cavity just a few meters above the ground. The hole in the tree is normally reused in the next nesting season.

The Crowned Hornbill is mainly found in light and densely wooded forests, where there are Mopane trees.

This bird is very common in most of the Southern African Forests

Seen in Flocks, Singles or Pairs Normally ...

This bird is usually seen in small family groups or in large flocks

The reference for the information following is "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa", 7th Edition * edited by PAR Hockey, WRJ Dean and PG Ryan, published by "The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund."

copyright: Tony Roocroft +27-11-454-0105

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